The Acne Skin Care Product Glossary: Everything You Need to Know

The Acne Skin Care Product Glossary: Everything You Need to Know

Overwhelmed by the abundance of acne skin care products and their benefits? You’re not the only one. So here’s a handy list decoding acne skin care products’ ingredients.

AHA (Alpha-Hydroxy Acid)

  • Natural, water-soluble acids from fruit, dairy products, and sugar cane. 
  • Aids in enhancing skin texture through exfoliation and removal of dead skin cells and unblocking of pores. 
  • Decreases chances of acne and pimple formation.

BHA (Beta-Hydroxy Acid)

  • Oil-soluble acids ideal for oily, acne prone skin. 
  • Dissolves bonds between dead skin cells and normalizes pore lining, effectively combating acne and breakouts. 
  • Anti-inflammatory and antibacterial

Ceramides

  • Lipids that help bind cells together to enhance the surface layer of the skin, also known as the epidermis. 
  • Also helps retain moisture and protect against environmental aggressors like pollution. 

Citric Acid

  • A type of AHA, extracted from citrus fruits. 
  • Primarily used to adjust a product’s pH level.
  • Promotes skin peeling and regrowth.

Collagen

  • A major skin component that provides firmness and hydration while strengthening the skin. 

Glycolic Acid

  • A type of AHA, derived from sugar cane. 
  • Exfoliates and smooths out fine lines and uneven texture. 
  • Can also boost moisture content, making the skin’s surface barrier hydrated and strong.

Green Tea

  • A powerful antioxidant that has anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties.

Hyaluronic Acid

  • An oil-free molecule that increases the skin’s moisture content. 
  • Can hold 1000x its weight in water. 
  • Revitalizes the skin’s outer layers, resulting in softer, smoother, and hydrated skin.

Kaolin Clay

  • A type of natural clay, first obtained in China. 
  • Can absorb oil and drive out impurities. 

 

Lactoferrin

  • An iron-binding, naturally occurring protein in the body. 
  • Antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and repairs damaged skin cells. 
  • Also reduces inflammation and sebum production. 

Lactic acid

  • A type of AHA, derived from milk. 
  • An anti-wrinkle and pigmentation-fighting ingredient for improved skin tone and reduced pore appearance.

Niacinamide

  • A type of Vitamin B3 that reduces the appearance of large pores, uneven skin tone, fine lines, and dullness. 

Non-comedogenic

  • A term used to describe products that are formulated to not clog pores.

Oil-free

  • Implies that the product is free from natural and artificial oils.

Retinol (Vitamin A)

  • Exfoliates and reduces formation of acne scars by aiding in the production of collagen. 
  • Must be used together with SPF as it increases the skin’s sensitivity to sun.

Salicylic Acid

  • A popular acne-fighting ingredient that can prevent future comedones from forming.

Sulphates

  • A synthetic or plant-derived cleansing agent that creates a lather to remove dirt and oil.

Tea Tree Oil

  • Derived from Melaleuca alternifolia tree. 
  • Can help prevent acne lesions and reduce swelling brought about by inflammatory acne. 

Vitamin E (Tocopherol)

  • A powerful antioxidant that helps fight free radical skin damage. 
  • Regulates collagen and helps prevent skin dryness.
  • Also helps protect skin from sun’s UV-induced photodamage.

Zinc

  • A chemical nutrient that has oil-regulating properties to help improve skin appearance. 
  • Also helps boost and enhance the immune system. 

The next time you find yourself stumped by your acne skin care products’ ingredient list, this glossary is just a click away!

 

SOURCES:

https://www.adorebeauty.com.au/beautyiq/skincare-a-z-glossary/

https://www.everydayhealth.com/skin-beauty/beauty-skincare-glossary-you-need/

https://www.ewg.org/skindeep/ingredient/701385/citric_acid/#

https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/collagen-benefits#section1

https://www.healthline.com/health/benefits-of-green-tea-for-skin#green-tea-and-acne

https://www.paulaschoice.com/expert-advice/skincare-advice/anti-aging-wrinkles/how-hyaluronic-acid-benefits-skin.html

https://www.stylecraze.com/articles/benefits-of-kaolin-clay-for-skin/#gref

https://www.healthline.com/health/beauty-skin-care/lactic-acid-peel

https://www.paulaschoice.com/expert-advice/skincare-advice/anti-aging-wrinkles/how-niacinamide-helps-skin.html

https://www.webmd.com/beauty/retinoid-gel-and-cream-treatments#1

https://www.healthline.com/health/beauty-skin-care/tea-tree-oil-for-acne-scars

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